The foot is the lowest section of the leg of the terrestrial vertebrates. In humans it consists of toes, the metatarsus and a tarsus. The midfoot is divided into ball of foot, sole, heel, instep (back of foot) and instep (outer edge).
In the feet there are 26 bones each (plus 2 sesame bones), so that the foot bones make up about a quarter of the total of 206 to 215 bones of the human body.
The receptors of the skin’s senses (tactile sense) are found in particularly high density on the sole of the foot and toes.
The foot muscles have the task of carrying out the movements of the foot. It also stretches the longitudinal and transverse arch of the foot. The foot muscles are divided into the group of long and short foot muscles. The short foot muscles are located on the foot skeleton, i.e. they have their origin and beginning here. The long foot muscles, on the other hand, lie on the lower leg.